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List of the best 10 Latin American museums

In this article, you can find the list of the best 10 Latin American museums. Travellers from all over the world choose Latin America as a tourist destination. Due to its great offer of nature, standing out in the first place the beautiful beaches with a Caribbean climate, but also for different climates and environments reasons. These examples are: the arid deserts of Mexico, Peru or Bolivia; the lung of the Earth from the Amazon of Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and Brazil. We cannot forget either the very end of the world from the Arctic of Chile and Argentina. There is also a segment of travellers interested in learning about the history and culture of each town. through its artistic expressions, we can find the history and culture within the museums.

That is why here you can find the best 10  Latin American museums. The best Latin American museums are for the importance of their cultural archive, as well as for their architectural appeal.

latin American museums SP Paulista Museum
Photo By Governo do Estado de São Paulo - Imagens do Museu do Ipiranga, CC BY 2.0

Gold Museum in Bogotá, Colombia

The first of the 10 best Latin American museums is Gold Museum in Bogota, in Colombia. With more than 20 thousand pieces exhibited, is the largest gold museum in the world. It delights all its visitors with the spectacular brilliance of this precious metal, extremely transcendental for Latin American history. Its rooms tell Colombian history through dazzling collections dating from pre-Hispanic and colonial times.

High Mountain Archaeological Museum in Salta, Argentina

From the discovery of three children – from the time of the Inca empire – in the cold of the summit of the Llullaillaco volcano on the Andes Mountains, in 1999, this museum began. Today is a standard of archaeology worldwide, Thanks to its important studies and exhibitions, among which one of the three children stands out for the observation of all kinds of visitors, from different parts of the world; The Inca infants date back more than 500 years and archaeologists found them together with more than 150 objects that accompanied them in what was a kind of offering for that civilisation.

Astronomical Observatory in Quito, Ecuador

It is the first observatory in all of Latin America, founded in 1873. Now it only has the function of a museum. The Observatory promotes an education in astronomy, showing its visitors the technology used by the observatories through its tools. Most of them date from the early 20th century, and even a little earlier. Especially the original telescope is the most common example from 1875.

USP Paulista Museum in São Paulo, Brazil

Emperor Pedro I proclaimed the independence of Brazil in 1822. Afterwards, he decided to erect a building as a monument on the area where the event was so historically remembered, this is how this great museum is operated today by the University of São Paulo (USP). An artistic space that houses an important collection of works, documents, furniture and accessories belonging. 

Royal Tombs of Sipán Museum in Chiclayo, Peru

If we think of ancient Peru, the Inca empire immediately comes to mind. Although they have been one of the most relevant cultures for the continent, they are not the only ancestors of this Andean region. The Mochicas were a previous civilisation dating from the third century, whose ruler, known as Señor Sipán, stays in this museum located in the north of the country. A huge enclosure that houses the coffin that was the first find of its kind in all of America.

Casapueblo Museum-Workshop in Punta Ballena, Uruguay

It was a house, a workshop, and a hotel, all made by the hands of the same artist: Carlos Páez Vilaró. A few steps from the prestigious Punta del Este, Casapueblo is located on the shores of Punta Ballena, Uruguay, where the sun ceremony takes place every day of the year, a figure that the artist adopted as one of the main elements of the style. This museum with peculiar Gaudí-style architecture was designed avoiding straight lines in the words of its creator. Inside you can witness the life and work of Páez Vilaró mainly through paintings, sculptures, and ceramic pieces mainly.

Ricardo Brennand Institute in Recife, Brazil

A true medieval kingdom in the middle of the city. This museum was born from the personal collection of Ricardo Brennand. Since 1940, he began to collect a significant number of weapons and amour from medieval times.Since 1990, in this institute, there are more than 3,000 pieces of all, being one of the largest in the world This space is located within an area of 44,000 acres of green areas and where its main building occupies about 77,000 square meters. Discover this true spectacle of the past, today.

La Plata Museum in La Plata, Argentina

The city of La Plata, officially founded in 1882, was originally the Argentine capital. Six years later, in 1888, they inaugurated the Museum of Natural Sciences of La Plata within an enormous compendium of history. Nowadays, is the largest of its kind in all of Latin America by size, but also for its vast artistic collection. The collection consists with around 3 million objects (although not all are on display). Among the most representative pieces, there is a series of fossils of prehistoric mammals belonging to the Tertiary and Quaternary era found in the Pampean territory.

National Museum of Fine Arts in Santiago de Chile, Chile

Established in 1880, the Chilean Museum of Fine Arts is the oldest in South America. In addition to the oldest, they also consider it one of the best museums. In 1910 the Museum was moved to the building of the Palace of Fine Arts, where the Museum of Contemporary Art is also located. A space that fascinates for its art on display. The first astonishment is caused by its attractive architecture with a combination of Art Nouveau, Baroque and Beaux-Arts styles.

National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City, Mexico

Possibly the museum with the most pieces on display per square meter, This place is a true treasure for the history of their country. Mainly is about the Mayan and Aztec civilisations. Among the most outstanding objects is the famous Stone of the Sun, wrongly named as the Aztec Calendar. Within its 11 rooms you will find an impressive number of exhibits that you can see in the same space. There archaeology and ethnology have the leading role, although temporary exhibitions are also presented. You will need more than a day to go through it.

Piece of one of the Latin american museums
Photo by Paula Mondragon

however, if you want to know more about the culture of others places, you can look at our Blog. 

In conclusion, if you want to know any news regarding the museums, you can check it out here.

Author: Jose Enrique Gonzalez

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