Johannesburg and its tourist attractions
Founded in 1886, after the discovery of gold, the city of Johannesburg is the capital and largest city in South Africa. Known as the “City of Gold”, people know Johannesburg by other names as well. Jozi, Egoli, or Gauteng Maboneng. It is one of the youngest cities in the world. The city was initially part of the Transvaal, an independent Afrikaner or Boer republic that later became four provinces of South Africa. The city has several attractions, such as Gold Reef City, which is a very profitable gold mine. Founded in 1897 it is one of the oldest gold mines in Johannesburg. Another important place in the city is the Financial Hub on Hollard Street, where the building of the famous mining house Chamber of Mines is located. Here Mandela and Tambo founded the law firm, which was the first in the country run by black partners.
If you are a beer lover, another important place worth visiting is SAB World of Beer. This is a brewery converted into a museum. You can take a guided tour and try various types of beer. Another place of interest is Africa Museum is in Newton Cultural Precinct. The museum is about 17 000 specimens that are particularly strong in South African rocks and minerals and South African economic geology, as well as an international collection that includes many rare and beautiful specimens and displays. It will open your eyes to the exciting world of geology all around us.
Museum Africa - Johannesburg
Old Fort prison
Constitution Hill is another museum worth visiting. It features a historic complex built on the site of the Old Fort prison. Both Nelson Mandela and Mahatma Gandhi were prisoners in this prison. The Apartheid Museum, which opened in 2001, is recognised as the world’s foremost museum dealing with 20th-century South African history. Famous is also the Nelson Mandela Bridge in Newtown.
When you go southwest of Johannesburg, you will find Africa’s largest township, Soweto, the South West Township, hailed as Africa’s largest township for housing people from all walks of life. Soweto is the very symbol of the black struggle for freedom in South Africa. Its rich history makes the town unique.Tthe inimitable culture, energetic spirit, and love of being authentic make the town a sight to behold and are extolled by many.
In Kliptown, on June 25, 1955, the Freedom Charter Document was passed by the People’s Congress. The area is also known as Square Walter Sisulu. The result was a major source for framing the new South African constitution, adopted in 1996. This document became known as the Freedom Charter. Approximately 2,884 elected delegates from all over, many of whom avoided the police to get there, as well as 7,000 spectators, attended the event. This included Oliver Tambo and Nelson Mandela, who was unable to address the Congress crowd because it was prohibited at the time.
Newton Junction Mall - Johannesburg
Soweto, Nelson Mandela and Desmond Tutu
The Soweto neighborhood also lived with two of the most influential people in South Africa. These are the figure of Nelson Mandela (activist against apartheid), and Desmond Tutu (activist for human rights). The two activists lived on the same street at the same time. You can visit the house of former state president Nelson Mandela (Nobel Peace Prize winner 1993), which is now a museum,. Also you can visit the house of the other Nobel Peace Prize winner Desmond Tutu (1984).
Another place to visit is the June 16 “Soweto up Raising” memorial, now known as “Youth Day”. Here there was a demonstration by black youth in opposition to the educational policy of the South African Government, which ended in slaughter. Also worth a visit is the Hector Pieterson Museum. Hector was a twelve-years-old boy attacked by the South African Government on June 16, 197. Finally, you can visit also the largest Catholic church in South Africa called Regina Mundi.
A chance to meet the people of Soweto and learn more about the defiance campaigns and the old apartheid system. Streetlife, shebeens, traditional foods, cultures, and much more…
June 16, 1976 the day our history changed!!!